A Generalized Algorithm for Graph-Coloring Register Allocation
Graph-coloring register allocation is an elegant and extremely
popular optimization for modern machines.
But as currently formulated, it does not handle
two characteristics commonly found in commercial architectures.
First, a single register name may appear in multiple register
classes, where a class is a set of register names that are
interchangeable in a particular role.
Second, multiple register names may be aliases for
a single hardware register.
We present a generalization of graph-coloring register allocation
that handles these problematic characteristics while
preserving the elegance and practicality of traditional
Our generalization adapts easily to a new target machine,
requiring only the sets of names in the register classes and
a map of the register aliases.
It also drops easily into a well-known
graph-coloring allocator, is efficient at compile time, and
produces high-quality code.
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